Material Facts: A comparison of density in wood used by classical makers throughout Europe.
January, 2013 Strad Magazine
Borman, Stoel

Wood Densitometry in 17th and 18th Century Dutch, German, Austrian
and French Violins, Compared to Classical Cremoneses and Modern Violins

PLoSOne, October 2012 Stoel, Borman & DeJongh

The Tree of Knowledge
A blend of science and sleuthing, dendrochronology
can reveal unsuspected facets of the maker's craft.
Peter Ratcliff explains how examining the tree rings on
an Andrea Amati produced surprising results
The Strad Magazine, February 2012 - Ratcliff

CT and Modal Analysis of the Vieuxtemps Guarneri del Gesu
The Strad Magazine, January 2011 - Borman & Stoel
Please also see an inside look at the CT scanning of this
historic instrument on our Vieuxtemps Project page.

Dendrochronogy: A guide to the practice of dating wood through tree ring analysis
and its relevance to musical instruments.

British Violin Makers Association, Autumn 2009 - Ratcliff

Review of the Uses of Computed Tomography for Analyzing
Instruments of the Violin Family with a Focus on the Future

VSA Papers (Violin Society of America), Summer 2009 - Borman & Stoel

A Comparison of Wood Density between
Classic Cremonese and Modern Violins

Public Library of Science (PLoSOne), July 2008 - Borman & Stoel

A Comparison of Wood Density between
Classic Cremonese and Modern Violins

Public Library of Science (PLoSOne), July 2008 - Borman & Stoel

Path Through the Woods
The Use of Medical Imaging in Examining Historical Instruments

The Strad Magazine, September 2005 - Borman, King, & Loen

Adverse Implications of Misdating in Dendrochronology;
Addressing the Re-dating of the "Messiah" violin.

ScienceDirect - Dendrochronologia, Sept. 2009 - Grissino-Mayer,
Sheppard, Cleaveland, Cherubini, Ratcliff & Topham

MDTC Evaluation of the Rarest Italian Violins From the 17th and 18th Century
Radiological Society of North America and Northwestern University, 2010 - MS Galizia, MD; L Ananthakrishnan, MD; Terry Borman; V Yaghmai, MD

Volume Correction in Computed Tomography Densitometry
for Follow-up Studies on Pulmonary Emphysema

The Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society, June 2008 - Stoel, Putter, Bakker, Dirksen,
Stockley, Piitulainen, Russi, Parr, Shaker, Reiber & Stolk

CT lung densitometry in young adults with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency
ResearchGate, July 2010 - BernspÄng, Diaz, Stoel, Wollmer, Sveger, Piitulainen
Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.

Quality control in longitudinal studies with computed tomographic densitometry of the lungs. The Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society, June 2008 - Stoel,
Bode, Rames, Soliman, Reiber & Stolk

Comparison of the Sensitivities of 5 Different Computed Tomography Scanners
for the Assessment of the Progression of Pulmonary Emphysema: A Phantom Study

Journal of Internal Medicine, June 2004 - Stoel, Bakker, Stolk, Dirksen,
Stockley, Piitulainen, Russi, & Reiber

The Century That Shaped The Guitar
Book authored by James Westbrook, chapter on dendrochronology written by Peter Ratcliff